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Luke 3:23-38 ESV

Jesus, when he began his ministry, was about thirty years of age, being the son (as was supposed) of Joseph, the son of Heli, the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, the son of Melchi, the son of Jannai, the son of Joseph, the son of Mattathias, the son of Amos, the son of Nahum, the son of Esli, the son of Naggai, the son of Maath, the son of Mattathias, the son of Semein, the son of Josech, the son of Joda, the son of Joanan, the son of Rhesa, the son of Zerubbabel, the son of Shealtiel, the son of Neri, the son of Melchi, the son of Addi, the son of Cosam, the son of Elmadam, the son of Er, the son of Joshua, the son of Eliezer, the son of Jorim, the son of Matthat, the son of Levi, the son of Simeon, the son of Judah, the son of Joseph, the son of Jonam, the son of Eliakim, the son of Melea, the son of Menna, the son of Mattatha, the son of Nathan, the son of David, the son of Jesse, the son of Obed, the son of Boaz, the son of Sala, the son of Nahshon, the son of Amminadab, the son of Admin, the son of Arni, the son of Hezron, the son of Perez, the son of Judah, the son of Jacob, the son of Isaac, the son of Abraham, the son of Terah, the son of Nahor, the son of Serug, the son of Reu, the son of Peleg, the son of Eber, the son of Shelah, the son of Cainan, the son of Arphaxad, the son of Shem, the son of Noah, the son of Lamech, the son of Methuselah, the son of Enoch, the son of Jared, the son of Mahalaleel, the son of Cainan, the son of Enos, the son of Seth, the son of Adam, the son of God.

Jesus began His earthly ministry around age 30. Why did He wait until He was 30 years old to begin preaching and teaching the gospel?

As I previously stated in a post entitled Jesus Among the Rabbis,

While the Gospels do not explicitly state what He was doing between ages 12 and 30, we can very safely infer that He was studying to become a rabbi. Not only did He study to become a rabbi, He became 1st century rabbinic equivalent of a PhD.

We know this because of the way nearly everyone, from His closest followers to His bitterest enemies addressed Him: by the title Didaskalos.

Between ages 12 and 30 Jesus was studying the Law of Moses. According to Jewish tradition, Jesus was not authorized to speak publicly in the capacity of a rabbi until He turned 30. In The Jesus Discovery, Dr. A.T. Bradford states:

While the Gospel records do not detail the steps Jesus took between the ages of 12 years and 30 years, the Mishnah is clear that 30 is the age for authoritative speaking.

~The Jesus Discovery, Chapter 6: An Uneducated Carpenter?, pg. 53


I almost decided to skip any comments on Jesus’s genealogy entirely. However, as I looked over some of the names of Jesus ancestors, I thought it might be interesting to comment on some of them, and how their line contributed to Jesus.

Jesus’s ancestors [(as was supposed), since He wasn’t actually descended from Joseph] are traced all the way back to God, who created the first man, Adam, in His own image and likeness.

Paul referred to Jesus as the last Adam.

1 Corinthians 15:45-49 ESV

Thus it is written, “The first man Adam became a living being”; the last Adam became a life-giving spirit. But it is not the spiritual that is first but the natural, and then the spiritual. The first man was from the earth, a man of dust; the second man is from heaven. As was the man of dust, so also are those who are of the dust, and as is the man of heaven, so also are those who are of heaven. Just as we have borne the image of the man of dust, we shall also bear the image of the man of heaven.

Just as we inherited a spiritually dead sin nature, when we are born again we inherit the spiritually life-giving righteous nature of the last Adam.

Next in the line of Jesus (as was supposed) was Seth, whose descendants remained in God’s presence and were referred to in Genesis 6 as the sons of God, as opposed to the descendants of Cain who lived apart from God’s presence and were referred to as daughters of man.

The next notable individual in Jesus’s genealogy was Jared. Jared had the coolest name ever. There is nothing else notable about him.

Several generations later were the patriarchs Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob–the forefathers of the nation of Israel. Through God’s covenant with Abraham, Israel was promised the land that was known as Canaan and entrusted with the oracles of God. Israel was the nation God chose to reveal Himself to in a special way, and to bring forth the Messiah, Jesus, to reveal Himself to the world and save them from their sins.

Further down the blood line was David. Matthew called Jesus the son of David (Matthew 1:1), and Paul said that Jesus was descended from David according to the flesh (Romans 1:3). Jesus had to be a descendent of David to fulfill Old Testament prophecies about the Messiah.

Isaiah 16:5 ESV

then a throne will be established in steadfast love,
and on it will sit in faithfulness
in the tent of David
one who judges and seeks justice
and is swift to do righteousness.

Many generations later came Zerubbabel. Zerubbabel led the Jews back to Israel from Babylonian captivity and directed the rebuilding of the temple. The word of the Lord to Zerubbabel is one of the most quoted verses in the Old Testament:

Zechariah 4:6-7 ESV

Then he said to me, “This is the word of the Lord to Zerubbabel: Not by might, nor by power, but by my Spirit, says the Lord of hosts. Who are you, O great mountain? Before Zerubbabel you shall become a plain. And he shall bring forward the top stone amid shouts of ‘Grace, grace to it!'”

This ancestor of Jesus (as was supposed) was promised a mountain would be moved by God’s Spirit instead of human effort, to shouts of grace. God sent His Son to move the mountain of sin and death that we could never move by our own effort. Jesus Christ paid our ransom with His own blood. Grace and truth came through Jesus.

Jesus’s genealogy shows God’s sovereign plan unfolding over the course of many generations. It shows that even after Adam screwed everything up, He was always in control and was patiently working to save us from sin, death, and hell.

So put your trust in Him.